Harvard Educational Review
  1. Fall 1970 Issue »

    Authority in Education

    Kenneth D. Benne
    "Authority" is seldom discussed by proponents of educational reform, except as something to be abolished. In this article, Professor Benne analyzes the concept of authority and the reasons for its neglect by philosophers and its disrepute among educators. He describes two types of authority, expert authority and rule authority, and the limitations of these two concepts in dealing with current education. He then proposes a third type, which he calls anthropogogical authority, which may provide a way of describing the relationships of students, teachers, and community in a more vital and relevant model of education.

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    Fall 1970 Issue


    Authority in Education
    Kenneth D. Benne
    Student Social Class and Teacher Expectations
    The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in Ghetto Education
    Ray C. Rist
    Cultural Action and Conscientization
    Paulo Freire
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