Harvard Educational Review
  1. Fall 1976 Issue »

    From Religion to Politics

    Debates and Confrontations over American College Governance in the Mid-Eighteenth Century

    Jurgen Herbst
    Questions of who will govern and how authority will be exercised pervade the history of American higher education. Such questions were particularly pressing before there was a clear distinction between public and private colleges. In this article, Jurgen Herbst traces the evolution of college governance from the early eighteenth century, when church and state exercised joint control, to the mid-eighteenth century, when religious, secular, and political tensions strained the effectiveness of that model. In the face of increasing ethnic and religious diversity in the colonies and amidst the breakdown of the alliance between ecclesiastical and secular interests, a more pluralistic model of college governance began to emerge. Professor Herbst examines the turmoil in Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, which, by the end of the eighteenth century, culminated in a new distinction between private and public higher education.

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    Fall 1976 Issue

    Abstracts

    Introduction
    The History of the History of American Education, 1900-1976
    The Uses of the Past
    Sol Cohen
    The Role of Education in American History
    A Memorandum for the Committee Advising the Fund for the Advancement of Education in Regard to This Subject
    Richard J. Storr
    Ways of Seeing
    An Essay on the History of Compulsory Schooling
    David B. Tyack
    Conflict and Consensus Revisited
    Notes toward a Reinterpretation of American Educational History
    Carl F. Kaestle
    From Religion to Politics
    Debates and Confrontations over American College Governance in the Mid-Eighteenth Century
    Jurgen Herbst
    Education for Freedom
    Children's Fiction in Jacksonian America
    Anne Scott MacLeod
    Before Home Start
    Notes toward a History of Parent Education in America, 1897-1929
    Steven L. Schlossman
    Call 1-800-513-0763 to order this issue.