Harvard Educational Review
  1. Fall 1977 Issue »

    From Utterance to Text

    The Bias of Language in Speech and Writing

    David R. Olson
    In this far-ranging essay David Olson attempts to reframe current controversies over several aspects of language, including meaning, comprehension, acquisition, reading, and reasoning. Olson argues that in all these cases the conflicts are rooted in differing assumptions about the relation of meaning to language: whether meaning is extrinsic to language—a relation Olson designates as "utterance"—or intrinsic— a relation he calls "text." On both the individual and cultural levels there has been development, Olson suggests, from language as utterance to language as text. He traces the history and impact of conventionalized, explicit language from the invention of the Greek alphabet through the rise of the British essayist technique. Olson concludes with a discussion of the resulting conception of language and the implications for the linguistic, psychological, and logical issues raised initially.

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    Fall 1977 Issue

    Abstracts

    Introduction
    Eugene Radwin, Maryanne Wolf-Ward
    Foreword
    Helen Popp
    From Utterance to Text
    The Bias of Language in Speech and Writing
    David R. Olson
    Two Functions of Language
    Carol Fleisher Feldman
    Trends in Second-Language-Acquisition Research
    Kenji Hakuta, Herlinda Cancino
    Learning about Psycholinguistic Processes by Analyzing Oral Reading
    Kenneth S. Goodman, Yetta M. Goodman
    Alternative Conceptualizations of Dyslexia
    Evidence in Support of a Verbal-Deficit Hypothesis
    Frank R. Vellutino
    An Interactionist Approach to Advancing Literacy
    Nan Elsasser, Vera P. John-Steiner
    The Nature of Literacy
    An Historical Exploration
    Daniel P. Resnick, Lauren B. Resnick
    Making Sense of Reading—And of Reading Instruction
    Frank Smith
    Varieties of Deficiency in the Reading Processes
    Magdalen D. Vernon
    Reading Reconsidered
    Thomas Wolf
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