Harvard Educational Review
  1. Winter 1982 Issue »

    The Federal Role in Increasing Equality of Educational Opportunity

    Kenneth S. Tollett
    Beginning with the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, which sought to encourage the establishment of schools and the means of education, the United States government has supplied land, resources, and other assistance for the advancement of education and related actitivies.1 Since then over eighty-nine pieces of legislation have been enacted for similar purposes; among the most significant was the Morrill Act of 1862, which established land grants for agricultural colleges.2 Efforts to advance equal educational opportunity for blacks took shape in the Freedmen's Bureau legislation,3 and over twenty-five years later, in the second Morrill Act of 1890.4 Congressional responsibility for enforcing the Reconstruction amendments,5 and the enactment of civil rights acts during Reconstruction6 and in the 1950s7 and 1960s,8 reflect the federal government's commitment and obligation over time to provide equal treatment to U.S. citizens, including equal educational opportunity.

    Click here to purchase this article.

  2. Share

    Winter 1982 Issue


    The Federal Role in Education
    T.H. Bell
    The Federal Role in Elementary and Secondary Education, 1940-1980
    Carl F. Kaestle and Marshall S. Smith
    The Federal Role in American Indian Education
    Frank Anthony Ryan
    The Federal Role in Increasing Equality of Educational Opportunity
    Kenneth S. Tollett
    Federal Grants and Educational Equity
    Henry M. Levin
    Policy and Organization
    The Impact of State and Federal Educational Policy on School Governance
    David K. Cohen
    The Importance of the Federal Role in Improving Educational Practice
    Lessons from a Big-City School System
    Thomas K. Minter
    The Federal Role in Educational Improvement
    Brenda J. Turnbull
    The Federal Role in Educational Research
    P. Michael Timpane
    The Role of the States in Federal Education Programs
    Milbrey Wallin McLaughlin
    Call 1-800-513-0763 to order this issue.