Harvard Educational Review
  1. Summer 1999 Issue »

    Modern and Postmodern Racism in Europe

    Dialogic Approach and Anti-Racist Pedagogies

    Ramon Flecha
    In this article, Ramón Flecha discusses the growth of racism in modern-day Europe and the challenges it poses for education and educators. The author distinguishes between two kinds of racism: an older, modern racism and a newer, postmodern racism. The former is based on arguments of inequality and the existence of inferior or superior ethnicities and races. The latter holds that ethnicities and races are neither inferior nor superior; they are merely different. It emphasizes the impossibility of equitable dialogue among different races and ethnicities to establish common rules for living together. Although a tradition of anti-racist education exists in Europe, educators often do not have the intellectual and educational tools to combat this form of racism. Flecha suggests that educators have tried to combat racism by developing anti-racist pedagogies that use the relativist approach advocated by contemporary thinkers such as Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida. He argues that this approach challenges modern racism but actually promotes postmodern racism. Drawing from works of dialogic theorists such as Paulo Freire and Jürgen Habermas, Flecha recommends instead that educators use the dialogic approach, which emphasizes the need for equal rights among all people, to develop effective anti-racist pedagogies that can deal simultaneously with both forms of racism.

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    Summer 1999 Issue


    Hispano Education and the Implications of Autonomy
    Four School Systems in Southern Colorado, 1920–1963
    Ruben Donato
    Modern and Postmodern Racism in Europe
    Dialogic Approach and Anti-Racist Pedagogies
    Ramon Flecha
    Charter Schools as Postmodern Paradox
    Rethinking Social Stratification in an Age of Deregulated School Choice
    Amy Stuart Wells, Alejandra Lopez, Janelle Scott, Jennifer Jellison Holme
    Book Review - Kate Rousmaniere's City Teachers: Teaching and School Reform in Historical Perspective
    Kathleen Murphey

    Book Notes

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