Harvard Educational Review
  1. Spring 2006 Issue »

    Community Forces, Social Capital, and Educational Achievement

    The Case of Supplementary Education in the Chinese and Korean Immigrant Communities

    By Min Zhou and Susan S. Kim
    Extraordinary Asian American educational achievement has often been credited to a common cultural influence of Confucianism that emphasizes education, family honor, discipline, and respect for authority. In this article, Min Zhou and Susan Kim argue that immigration selectivity, higher than average levels of premigration and postmigration socioeconomic status, and ethnic social structures interact to create unique patterns of adaptation and social environments conducive to educational achievement. This article seeks to unpack the ethnic effect through a comparative analysis of the ethnic system of supplementary education that has developed in two immigrant communities — Chinese and Korean — in the United States. The study suggests that the cultural attributes of a group interact substantially with structural factors, particularly tangible ethnic social structures on which community forces are sustained and social capital is formed. The authors conclude that “culture” is not static and requires structural support to constantly adapt to new situations.

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    Spring 2006 Issue

    Abstracts

    Community Forces, Social Capital, and Educational Achievement
    The Case of Supplementary Education in the Chinese and Korean Immigrant Communities
    By Min Zhou and Susan S. Kim
    (In)Fidelity
    What the Resistance of New Teachers Reveals about Professional Principles and Prescriptive Educational Policies
    By Betty Achinstein and Rodney T. Ogawa
    An Interview with Khalil Mahshi
    No Longer Overlooked and Undervalued?
    The Evolving Dynamics of Endogenous Educational Research in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Richard Maclure
    Editor's Review - College Choices edited by Caroline M. Hoxby
    Baoyan Cheng

    Book Notes

    Teaching Social Studies That Matters
    By Steven J. Thornton

    Becoming Adult Learners
    By Eleanor Drago-Severson

    NCLB Meets School Realities
    By Gail Sunderman, James S. Kim, and Gary Orfield

    Compelled to Excel
    By Vivian S. Louie

    Inequality in America
    By Benjamin M. Friedman