Harvard Educational Review
  1. Spring 2009 Issue »

    Symposium: Curriculum and Civil Society in Afghanistan

    Adele Jones
    Although research has traditionally discussed the ways in which societies in conflict develop educational practices, only recently have scholars begun to examine the role of education in creating or sustaining conflict. In Afghanistan, changing regimes have had an impact on state-sanctioned curricula over the past fifty years, drastically altering the purpose and ideology of education. In this article, Adele Jones traces the changing nature of Afghan curricula since the 1960s, highlighting the conflict surrounding curricula during the Soviet regime. She posits that resistance to state-sanctioned curricula was seen as resistance to the state regime, often putting schools at the center of conflict. This continues today, as Taliban groups resist the Western-influenced curricula of modern Afghanistan. Jones argues that understanding this cycle of resistance is critical for Western agencies aiming to support educational efforts in the country.

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    Adele M. E. Jones is a professional educator with twenty-five years of international development experience. She has worked at universities in Australia, the South Pacific, Asia, and the Middle East and is now a research associate at Arnold Bergstraesser Institute for Socio-Cultural Research, Freiburg University, Germany. From 2004 to 2007 she worked in Afghanistan, heading the Aga Khan Foundation education program and evaluating the German Technical Cooperation education program. Her research areas include educational planning, management and teacher training, community participation, conflict, and education. She has published a number of journal articles on Afghanistan; a book on education in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, Educational Planning in a Frontier Zone (1993); and a collection of poems, Afghanistan—waiting for the bus (2007).
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    Spring 2009 Issue

    Abstracts

    Indigenous Knowledges and the Story of the Bean
    Bryan McKinley Jones Brayboy and Emma Maughan
    Latino Students’ Transitions to College
    A Social and Intercultural Capital Perspective
    Anne-Marie Nuñez
    Identity Development and Mentoring in Doctoral Education
    Leigh A. Hall and Leslie D. Burns
    Symposium: Education and Violent Political Conflict
    Introduction
    Symposium: Identity versus Peace
    Identity Wins
    Zvi Bekerman
    Symposium: Citizenship Competencies in the Midst of a Violent Political Conflict
    The Colombian Educational Response
    Enrique Chaux
    Symposium: War News Radio
    Conflict Education through Student Journalism
    Emily Hager
    Symposium: The Other Side of the Story
    Israeli and Palestinian Teachers Write a History Textbook Together
    Shoshana Steinberg and Dan Bar-On
    Symposium: Curriculum and Civil Society in Afghanistan
    Adele Jones
    Symposium: Educational Reconstruction “By the Dawn’s Early Light”
    Violent Political Conflict and American Overseas Education Reform
    Noah W. Sobe
    Symposium: The Social (and Economic) Implications of Being an Educated Woman in Iran
    Mitra Shavarini
    Symposium: Interview with Jacques Bwira Hope Primary School Kampala, Uganda
    The Editors

    Book Notes

    So Much Reform, So Little Change
    by Charles M. Payne

    Corridor Cultures
    by Maryann Dickar

    In a Reading State of Mind
    by Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey, and Diane Lapp